Freeform Double-Layer Grids


Freeform Double-Layer Grids


Unlike most of the conventional building design processes for which the overall design of the structure is often decided by the architect and the structural engineer’s responsibility is to size members, the design of  spatial structures  is a collaborative effort between architect and engineer, which typically begins at early stages of the conceptual design. The geometry types, module sizes, support conditions, materials, and design approach are not determined at the early stages of the design of spatial structures.Because the members of spatial structures are interconnected, they can distribute loads effectively. This means that a concentrated load applied at a point on the structure can be resisted by members a large distance from it.Due to the low self-weight of these structures, the total costs of foundations and columns are relatively small. Spatial structures can be assembled in a shop and transported to the site for erection.