If you are in the market for skylight you have probably figured out that you have two MAIN options when it comes to the glazing of your skylight. There are a few terms that you will need to familiarize yourself with.
Glazing: This is the material that is put or “glazed” into the aluminum frame on a skylight. This material can be glass, plastic and even fiberglass.
Solar Optical Properties (TRA Values): The solar optical properties of a glazing or product are the transmittance, reflectance and absorbence. Generally referred to as the TRA values.
The solar optical properties are further broken down into three categories, total solar, visible and UV.
Total solar properties are used for the analysis of the product/glazing for the entire spectrum related to solar radiation. These values would be used when one is concerned with the solar heat gain (heat) into a space.
The visible properties are the same TRA values but for the visible range of the solar spectrum only. This is the solar spectrum range that the average human eye responds to. These properties would be used for analysis of day lighting, glare, etc.
The UV transmittance is the transmittance of the product/glazing for the UV range of the solar spectrum. This value is used as a rating to determine the product/glazing effectiveness in guarding against UV degradation. The reader should be aware that the UV portion only accounts for approximately 1/3 of the damage. The environmental UV radiation and the heat produced by absorbed solar radiation both impact the degradation to carpet and furnishings.
Shading Coefficient (SC): A value that represents the quantity of solar heat through the product/glazing in question as compared to the solar heat gain through the ASHRAE reference glazing (1/8″ clear single glazing; SC = 1.0), under the same conditions.
U-factor: The U-factor (Btu/hr.ft2.F or W/M2.C) is the heat transmission value for the product/glazing/window which occurs to the indoor/outdoor temperature differential. this can be a heat gain or loss depending on the indoor/outdoor temperatures.
R-value: The R-Value (F/Btu/hr.FT2) is the inverse of the U-value. The value represents the resistance to heat flow due to the indoor/outdoor temperature differential.
Can get expensive depending on the options you choose.
Cheapest glazing material.