LF-BJMB
Spatial Structure1

Spatial Structure1

Many applications require roofs or covers that are flat, or nearly flat. Spatial structure provide efficient solutions for these requirements. The most common Spatial Structure geometries are called "offset rectangular grids", "square on square spatial structures", or simply "square grids".
Spatial Structure1
But square grids have a couple of characteristics that may limit their use for the longest spans:

  • Loads must travel to the supports indirectly. Because the bars in the top and bottom chords of the frame are arranged in a square pattern, the load takes a stepped route to the supports, much like a taxicab downtown trying to go diagonally.
  • The depth is limited to less than the width of the module. Because the diagonal "web" bars connect neighboring nodes in the opposite layer, increasing the depth results in impossibly large nodes and heavy webs.

With the Geometrica system, it is possible to overcome each of these disadvantages, and thus use square grids for longer spans by modifying the conventional square grid as follows:
Increased chord density: In order to build a square grid that can transfer loads diagonally, we can take advantage of the Geometrica joint's capacity to resist bending moments. Square grids in each layer of chords can be reinforced with diagonal elements that are not directly connected to the webs. This stiffens the grid against twist, increases the density of the bending-resisting elements, and allows for longer spans.

Spatial Structure1
Varying depth: The top chord of spatial Structures may be sloped to provide a deeper section at the middle of the span as well as positive drainage.

Spatial Structure1
Double depth: The depth of the frame layer of webs and chords. The additional depth increases the second moment of area of the spatial structure, increasing the possible span substantially. Chords in the middle of the double depth frame may be removed because the Geometrica joint can resist bending. And because web members in the Geometrica system may be very light and slender, the increased web count does not result in significant additional weight.
Spatial Structure1
Camber: The "flat" spatial structure may be manufactured with a slight deformation in the direction contrary to the expected deflection under service loads. This eliminates any possible unsightly sag of the structure, particularly for the longer spans. Camber may be applied to either or both chord layers of a spatial structure.

Spatial Structure1
Another spatial structure geometry commonly used is the triangular grid. Because of their triangular pattern, these grids can resist in-plane twist. But as in square grids, their depth is limited and, for a large portion of their extent, they often contain more web members than are necessary to carry the load. In order to overcome these disadvantages, triangular grids may also benefit from the modifications available to square grids. See section on domes for some of the variations in triangular grids.
Related News
  • Hurricane-Proof Houses: The New Normal

    Hurricane-Proof Houses: The New Normal

    November 21, 2017Tampa Bay dodged a bullet with Hurricane Irma. Despite the National Hurricane Center's warnings for a direct Category 4 hit and 12-foot storm surge, Irma weakened and passed east of the metro area, le...view
  • China Iron Ore Extends Gains To 3-Year High, Upbeat Steel Outlook

    China Iron Ore Extends Gains To 3-Year High, Upbeat Steel Outlook

    November 20, 2017China's iron ore futures rose for a sixth session in a row on Tuesday, hitting their highest in more than three years, amid firm steel demand in the world's top consumer and tighter supply driven by B...view
  • Steel Structure Beijing National Stadium

    Steel Structure Beijing National Stadium

    November 23, 2017Beijing National Stadium (BNS) was a joint venture among architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron of Herzog & de Meuron, project architect Stefan Marbach, artistAi Weiwei, and CADG which was...view
  • Growth in World Energy Demand Doubled in 2017 Says IEA

    Growth in World Energy Demand Doubled in 2017 Says IEA

    April 21, 2018Growth in world energy demand doubled in 2017 says IEAThe world’s demand for energy grew by 2.1 per cent in 2017, more than twice the previous year’s rate, according to new data from the Internation...view
  • The dome coal storage solution

    The dome coal storage solution

    November 23, 2017Storage structures help make the storage of coal, petcoke, biomass, compost and recyclable products a reality. If a Fossil Power Station need a fuel storage solution, they wanted to store fuel materia...view
  • Relationship with Kazakhstan pays off

    Relationship with Kazakhstan pays off

    November 23, 2017Construction of a third-generation reactor, using technology known as Hualong One, starts in Fuqing, East China's Fujian province.Overseas operations are crucial to the uranium subsidiary of China Gen...view
  • TEL:+86 516 8595 0258
  • FAX:+86 516 8595 0278
  • Email:marketing01@cnxzlf.com
  • ADDRESS:222, Block B, Diamond International, Guozhuang Road, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China