Geodesic domes are efficient structures in several ways:They are based on a network of triangles which are very stable shapes. For example if a force is applied to the corner of a triangle, it will retain its form, whereas other shapes, such as rectangles will be distort. This means that geodesic dome buildings are strong and resistant to forces such as snow loading, earthquakes, wind, and so on.The structural efficiency of geodesic domes means that they require less material than conventional buildings.
For the volume that they enclose, geodesic domes have a much smaller surface area than traditional 'box-shaped' buildings. This means there is a reduced area exposed to externaltemperature changes which means they can be less expensive to heat and cool.
The construction of geodesic domes can be very fast, and may not require the use of heavy equipment. This buildability can be further enhanced through the use of prefabricatedcomponents.